George Orwell Biography, Wife, Children, Family, Essays, Books, Poem, Death, Quotes, Facts & More


George Orwell Biography, Wife, Children, Family, Essays, Books, Poem, Death, Quotes, Facts & More






Who is George Orwell?

George Orwell (1903-1950) was an English writer, journalist, and social critic who is widely regarded as one of the most important literary figures of the 20th century. Eric Arthur Blair, known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. He was born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, India, and grew up in England.

Orwell's works often deal with social and political themes, including poverty, class, imperialism, and totalitarianism. He is best known for his novels "Animal Farm" and "Nineteen Eighty-Four," both of which are considered classics of dystopian literature.

Orwell was also an outspoken critic of totalitarianism and a champion of democratic socialism. He fought in the Spanish Civil War and wrote extensively about his experiences, including the book "Homage to Catalonia."

Today, Orwell's works continue to be widely read and studied, and his contributions to literature and political commentary are celebrated around the world.


George Orwell Education

George Orwell's formal education was largely traditional for his time. He attended several private schools in England as a child, including St. Cyprian's School in Eastbourne, which he later satirized in his novel "Such, Such Were the Joys."

In 1922, Orwell won a scholarship to study at Eton College, one of England's most prestigious private schools. After completing his studies at Eton, he decided against attending university and instead joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma (now Myanmar).

Orwell's experiences in Burma strongly influenced his writing and his political views. After returning to England in 1927, he began to write and publish essays and novels that reflected his growing concern for social justice and his opposition to imperialism.

Despite his lack of a formal university education, Orwell was a lifelong learner and had a wide-ranging curiosity about the world. His works are often marked by his broad knowledge of history, politics, and culture.


George Orwell Family

George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, India, to a British colonial family. His father, Richard Walmesley Blair, worked as a civil servant in the Indian opium department, and his mother, Ida Mabel Blair, was a homemaker.

Orwell had two sisters, Marjorie and Avril, and a younger brother, Richard. When Orwell was one year old, his family moved to England, where he spent most of his childhood.

Orwell married Eileen O'Shaughnessy in 1936, and the couple adopted a son together, named Richard Horatio Blair. Eileen passed away in 1945, and Orwell remarried to Sonia Brownell in 1949, shortly before his death.

Orwell's relationships with his family and loved ones were often complicated and fraught with tension, and these experiences strongly influenced his writing. His works are often marked by a sense of alienation and a concern for the individual in the face of oppressive social forces.


George Orwell political views

George Orwell's political views were complex and evolving throughout his life, but he is best known for his opposition to totalitarianism, imperialism, and authoritarianism of all kinds.

Orwell was a democratic socialist and believed in a society where wealth and power were more equitably distributed. He was critical of both capitalism and communism, and saw the rise of totalitarianism in the 20th century as a threat to human freedom and dignity.

Orwell fought in the Spanish Civil War as a member of the Marxist POUM militia, but he became disillusioned with the Soviet Union and the Spanish Communist Party's brutal suppression of other leftist groups during the conflict. This experience led him to write his famous book "Homage to Catalonia," which is a personal account of his time fighting in Spain and his growing disillusionment with the Communist Party.

In his most famous works, "Animal Farm" and "Nineteen Eighty-Four," Orwell explored the dangers of authoritarianism and the ways in which political leaders can manipulate language and propaganda to control and subjugate their citizens. His writings have been influential in shaping the modern discourse around politics, power, and freedom.


George Orwell Wife

George Orwell was married twice during his life.

His first marriage was to Eileen O'Shaughnessy, a writer and translator, in 1936. They had met in London while O'Shaughnessy was working as a secretary at the literary agency that represented Orwell. The couple adopted a son together, named Richard Horatio Blair.

Orwell and O'Shaughnessy remained together until her death in 1945, which was a devastating loss for Orwell. He later wrote about their marriage and his grief in his book "A Clergyman's Daughter."

After O'Shaughnessy's death, Orwell became involved with several other women, including Sonia Brownell, a young assistant at his publisher's office. Orwell and Brownell were married on October 13, 1949, just a few months before Orwell's death from tuberculosis. Their marriage was brief but intense, and Brownell remained devoted to Orwell and his legacy after his death.


Birth Name: Eric Arthur Blair

Date of birth: 25 June 1903

Birth Place: Motihari, Bengal Presidency, British India

Full name: Eric Arthur Blair

Pen name: George Orwell

Education: Eton College

Death Date: January 21, 1950

Death Place: University College Hospital, London, England

Resting place: All Saints' Church, Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, England

Parents: Ida Mabel Limouzin

                Richard Walmsley Blair

Spouse: Eileen O'Shaughnessy ​(m. 1936; died 1945)​

                Sonia Brownell ​(m. 1949)

Writing Subjects: Anti-fascism, anti-Stalinism, anarchism, democratic socialism, literary criticism, journalism, and polemic

Genre: Dystopia, satire, roman à clef




1934 – Burmese Days

1935 – A Clergyman's Daughter

1936 – Keep the Aspidistra Flying

1939 – Coming Up for Air

1945 – Animal Farm

1949 – Nineteen Eighty-Four


Non fiction

1933 – Down and Out in Paris and London

1937 – The Road to Wigan Pier

1938 – Homage to Catalonia


Essays By ORWELL

Nonsense Poetry (Tribune, 1945)

Poetry and the microphone (New Saxon Pamphlet, 1945)

W. B. Yeats (Horizon, 1943)

Inside the Whale (1932)

Rudyard Kipling (Horizon, 1942)



A dressed man and a naked man (1933)

A Happy Vicar I Might Have Been (1935)

Dear Friend, allow me for a little while (c. 1927)


My Love and I

Romance (1925)

Sometimes in the middle autumn days (The Adelphi, 1933)

Suggested by a Tooth Paste Advertisement (c. 1918-1919)

Summer-like for an instant (1933)

The Lesser Evil (1922-27)

The Pagan (1918)

The Photographer (1920)

When the Franks Have Lost Their Sway (c. 1927)


George Orwell Signature


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